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Factsheet for Slovenia

1. General facts

CountrySlovenia (SI)
Surface area20,256 Km²
Population (thousands)2030
Population density100
Persons per household2.8
GDP per capita PPS89.3
GDP per capita
Household characteristics20% in densely populated areas (at least 500 inhab./km2)
32% in intermediate urbanised areas (100 - 499 inhab./km2)
48% in sparsely populated areas (less than 100 inhab/km2)
Gross value added28.2% Industry, including energy
5.9% Construction
22.2% Trade, transport and communication services
20.6% Business activities and financial services
20.6% Other services
2.5% Agriculture, hunting and fishing

2. Legislation overview

The structure of waste management legislation is in line with EU law. The National Environment Protection Act and Decree on waste management is the general act. More specific provisions are organised in three clusters: · Legislation concerning different kinds of waste; · Legislation on waste recovery/disposal; · Legislation on monitoring of emissions from certain methods of waste disposal. It is the responsibility of the Ministry of the Environment and Spatial Planning (MESP) to set up the legislative frame for waste management and national waste management plans for specific waste groups. These waste management plans ensure waste management strategies in general by giving guidelines and setting up qualitative and quantitative goals on a national level. The Nuclear Safety Administration is responsible for the issues concerning radioactive waste management. The Environmental Agency is responsible for the implementation of waste legislation, waste management information system development and maintaining, licensing in the waste management field including shipment of waste, monitoring and reporting of data on wastes and waste management. It is the responsibility of the Inspectorate for the Environment and Spatial Planning to inspect and monitor waste management. The Minister of the Environment and Spatial Planning shall prescribe the classification of wastes, mandatory actions, and other conditions for: · collection, classification, storage, and transport of wastes; · shipment of wastes; · recycling, composting, and other methods of reusing wastes; · destruction and other methods of waste treatment; · disposal of waste. Mandatory local public services are: · disposal and purification of municipal waste; · handling of municipal waste; · dumping of the remains of municipal waste. Regarding waste management, Slovene territory is planned to be covered by 15 regional waste management centres. The Inspectorates of the Ministry of the Environment and Spatial are responsible for the implementation of waste management laws and serve as coordinators between the municipalities and the Nature Protection Authority. The Environmental Protection Act defines the responsibility of municipal authorities for the organisation, management and maintaining of waste management facilities.

2.2 National acts

ReferenceMain content
The Environment Protection Act
(OJ RS, No. 41/04, 39/06, 49/06, 66/2006)
An integral law for environmental protection
Rules on the management of waste
(OJ RS, No. 84/1998, 45/2000, 20/2001, 13/2003, 41/2004)
Decree on waste management
(OJ RS, No. 34/2008)
Decree regulate necessary waste management, the conditions for carrying out collection, transport, brokerage, trading, recovery, and disposal of waste, the Classification list of waste, and the reporting obligations to the European Commission
Public Utilities Act
(OJ RS, No. 32/93, 30/98)
Act on method, subject and conditions for the provision of the Public Utility Service of waste management

2.2.2 National legislation

NameReferenceYear
Landfill Rules on the landfill of waste (OJ RS, No. 5/00, 41/04, 43/04) Decree on the landfill of waste (OJ RS, No. 32/06, 98/07, 62/08) Decree on the emission of substances in the discharge of landfill effluent (OJ RS, No. 62/08) no i
Incineration Rules on the incineration of waste (OJ RS, No. 32/00, 53/01, 81/02, 41/04) Decree on the incineration of waste (OJ RS, No. 68/08) Decree on the Emission of Substances into the Atmosphere from Waste Incineration and Co-incineration Plants (OJ RS, No. 50/01, 56/02, 84/02, 39/06-ZVO-1-UPB1) Decree on the Emission of Substances in the Discharge of Waste Water from Cleaning of Exhaust Gases from Incineration and Co-incineration Plants (OJ RS, No. 51/01, 56/02, 84/02, 41/04 in 46/04) Decree on the performance of mandatory national public utility service in the field of urban waste incineration (OJ RS, No. 123/04, 106/05) no i

2.2.3 Selected legislation

NameReference
BMW (Bio-degradable waste)Decree on the landfill of waste (OJ RS, No. 32/06, 98/07, 62/08) Annex 4 Rules on the management of organic kitchen waste (OJ RS, No. 37/04, 41/04) Decree on the management of organic kitchen waste (OJ RS, No. 68/08) Rules on the management of waste edible oils and fats (OJ RS, No. 42/04, 41/04) Decree on the management of waste edible oils and fats (OJ RS, No. 70/08) Rules on the treatment of biodegradable waste for compost (OJ RS, No. 42/04, 41/04) Decree on the treatment of biodegradable waste (OJ RS, No. 62/08) Order on the management of separately collected fractions (OJ RS, No. 21/01) Decree on the management of packaging and packaging waste (OJ RS, No. 84/06, 106/06, 110/07) Decree on the management of sewage sludge from the urban waste water treatment plants (OJ RS, No. 62/08)
PackagingDecree on the management of packaging and packaging waste (OJ RS, No. 84/06, 106/06, 110/07) Decree on environmental tax on the generation of packaging waste (OJ RS, No. 32/06, 65/06, 78/08) Decree on the management of grave side lights (OJ RS, No. 78/08)
Construction & demolition wasteRules on the management of construction waste (OJ RS, No. 3/03, 41/04, 50/04, 62/04) Decree on management of waste arising from construction work (OJ RS, No. 34/08) Rules on soil pollution caused by waste deposits (OJ RS, No. 3/03, 44/03, 41/04) Decree on burdening of soil with waste spreading (OJ RS, No. 34/08) Decree on the landfill of waste (OJ RS, No. 32/06, 98/07, 62/08) Decree on management of waste containing asbestos (OJ RS, No. 35/08) Annex 3
End-of-life vehicles Rules on the management of end-of-life motor vehicles, (OJ RS, No. 118/04) Decree on environmental tax on the generation of end-of-life vehicles, (OJ RS, No. 118/05, 87/05, 6/05)
End-of-life tyres Decree on the manner, subject of and conditions for performing mandatory public utility service for the management of waste tyres, (OJ RS, No. 71/06) Decree on environmental tax on the generation of waste pneumatic tyres, (OJ RS, No. 32/06)
Health-care wasteRules on the management of waste generated by health services and related research activities, (OJ RS, No. 47/04) Decree on the management of waste generated by health services and related research activities, (OJ RS, No. 89/08) Decree on the management of amalgam waste generated by health services and related research activities, (OJ RS, No. 89/08) Decree on management with waste medicines, (OJ RS, No. 105/08)
Waste batteries and accumulators Rules on the management of batteries and accumulators containing dangerous substances (OJ RS, No. 104/00). Decree on the management of batteries and accumulators and waste batteries and accumulators (OJ RS, No. 78/08)
Waste oils Decree on the disposal of waste oils (OJ RS, No. 25/08) Decree on the tax on the use of lubricating oils and fluids (OJ RS, No. 53/05) Decree on the disposal of polichlorinated biphenyls and polichlorinated terphenyls (OJ RS, No. 34/08)
WEEERules on the management of WEEE (OJ RS, No .118/04) Decree on the management of waste electrical and electronic equipment (OJ RS, No. 107/06) Decree on environmental tax on the generation of waste electrical and electronic equipment (OJ RS, No. 32/06, 65/06, 78/08)

2.3 Regional waste acts

No regional waste acts.

3. Waste management plans

no information

3.1 National plan

Period of implementation Waste Management Strategy of the Republic of Slovenia Main features Adopted by the Government of the Republic of Slovenia in 1996 sets the basic guidelines and objectives in the area of waste management and the hierarchy of possible methods of waste management, taking into account economic development and inclusion in European integration processes. Legal framework has been established in 1998 by the Rules on Waste Management that is harmonised to the EU Waste Framework Directive Period of implementation The National Environmental Action Plan 2005-2012 (NEAP) (OJ RS, No. 2/06) Main features The basic environmental protection strategic document with the aim to improve the environment and life quality and to protect natural resources. Goals and provisions are defined under four topics: climate change, nature and biodiversity, quality of life and waste and industrial pollution. Period of implementation Action plan on waste disposal with the aim to decrease the landfill of biodegradable waste (2008) Main features To present the state of waste disposal in Slovenia and to indicate necessary actions to achieve the goals, particularly by diverting wastes from landfilling to recycling and recovery operations.

3.2 Regional plans

No regional management plans

4. Waste prevention for Slovenia

4.1. Objectives

Waste management hierarchy is incorporate in the Decree on Waste Management in the second paragraph of article 6 in following manner: (2) If the treatment of a certain type of waste is regulated by the operational action programme on the environment in the field of waste management, in the preparation of such programme, measures of waste management shall be considered in the following order: – prevention of waste production, – preparing for re‑use, – recycling of waste, – other recovery procedures, – waste disposal.

4.2. Targets

No waste prevention targets for specific waste streams have been specified. Some exact targets have been set for reuse and recycling for WEEE and batteries and accumulators.

4.3. Strategy

General rules on waste prevention are set in the Decree on waste management. Some specific measures are further set up in legal documents for specific waste streams.

4.4. Policy instruments

4.4.1. Regulatory instruments

Overview

no information

Bans

Regulatory instrument
Titlemercury and cadmium
Waste streamBatteries, Accumulators
Year1998
Legal documentDecree on the management of batteries and accumulators and waste batteries and accumulators
Regulatory instrument
Titlelead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium
Waste streamELV
Year2004
Legal documentRules on the management of end-of-life motor vehicles (OJ RS, No. 118/04)
Regulatory instrument
Titlelead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium, PBB, PBDE
Waste streamWEEE
Year2004
Legal documentRules on the management of WEEE (OJ RS, No .118/04)
Regulatory instrument
Titlelead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium
Waste streamPackaging waste
Year2000
Legal documentDecree on the management of packaging and packaging waste (OJ RS, No. 84/06, 106/06, 110/07)

Other instruments

Regulatory instrument
TitleEco Design
ScopePackaging waste
Year2000
Transition periodno information
Objectivesno information
Targetsno information
Description- Volume and weight of packaging has to be reduced to the minimum

- Packaging has to be designed, produced and distributed in a way that reuse and recovery are possible
ImplementationDecree on the management of packaging and packaging waste,

(OJ RS, No. 84/06, 106/06, 110/07)
Resultno information
Regulatory instrument
TitleEco Design
ScopeWEEE
Year2004
Transition periodno information
Objectivesno information
Targetsno information
Description- EEE have to be designed in a way that disassembling and recovery, especially reuse and recycling of end of life products, its components and materials are considered and facilitated.

- Construction and production must not interfere with reusability
ImplementationDecree on the management of WEEE,

(OJ RS, No.107/06)
Resultno information
Regulatory instrument
TitleEco Design
ScopeELV
Year2004
Transition periodno information
Objectivesno information
Targetsno information
Description- Limit use of hazardous substances in cars,
- consider recovery of materials when designing and producing cars,
- increased use of secondary raw materials
ImplementationRules on the management of end-of-life motor vehicles, (OJ RS, No. 118/04)
Resultno information
Regulatory instrument
Titleno information
ScopeBatteries & accumulators
Year2008
Transition periodno information
Objectivesno information
Targetsno information
Description- products which will contain batteries/ accumulators, have to be designed in a way to enable end-users safely remove/change of batteries or accumulators in the product

- clear instructions about safely remove/change of batteries/accumulators has to be enclosed to the product
ImplementationDecree on the management of batteries and accumulators and waste batteries and accumulators,

(OJ RS, No. 78/08)
Resultno information

Additional info

no information

4.4.2. Market-based instruments

Overview

Decrees on environmental tax on the generation of packaging waste, WEEE, ELV, ELT and waste oils were implemented

Additional info

no information

4.4.3. Information-based instruments

Overview

no information

Other instruments

Information-based instrument
Titleinformation on battteries and accumulators
ScopeFinal consumer
Batteries, Accumulators
Year2008
Transition period
Objectives
Targets
Description- Capacity (life span of products)
- higher content of heavy metals
- the potential effects on the environment and human health of the substances used in batteries and accumulator
ImplementationDecree on the management of batteries and accumulators and waste batteries and accumulators,
(OJ RS, No. 78/08)
Result
Information-based instrument
TitleWaste prevention and waste management aspects
ScopeFinal Consumers
ELV
Year2004
Transition period
Objectives
Targets
DescriptionWaste prevention and waste management aspects (e.g. ecodesign)
ImplementationRules on the management of end-of-life motor vehicles,
(OJ RS, No. 118/04)
Result
Information-based instrument
Titlecomponent and material coding standards
ScopeDisassembling companies
ELV
Year2004
Transition period
Objectives
Targets
DescriptionUse of component and material coding standards, in particular to facilitate the identification of those components and materials, suitable for reuse and recovery
ImplementationRules on the management of end-of-life motor vehicles,
(OJ RS, No. 118/04)
Result
Information-based instrument
TitleWEEE seperate collection sign
ScopeFinal Consumers
WEEE
Year2004
Transition period
Objectives
Targets
DescriptionThe sign on obligatory separate collection of WEEE
ImplementationDecree on the management of WEEE,
(OJ RS, No.107/06)
Result

Additional info

no information

4.4.4. Voluntary instruments

Overview

No instruments

Additional info

no information

4.5 Waste prevention examples

no information

5. Construction and Demolition Waste for Slovenia

5.1. Objectives

No specific objectives for C&D waste.

5.2. Targets

To establish and operate an effective system of construction waste management (by 2008) which includes: separate collection at the site, 30% reuse, 40% recovering, incineration or use of wood in construction waste as fuel, 10% discarding as useless waste. For excavation waste – 30% reuse, 50% use of remains from processing, and discarding as useless waste up to 20%.

5.3. Strategy

Separate collection and treatment of C&D waste

Rules on the conditions for the disposal of materials containing asbestos

5.4. Policy instruments

5.4.1. Regulatory instruments

Regulatory instrument
TitleObligation for separate collection and recovery
ScopeThe group of waste under classification number 17
Year2003
Transition periodno information
ObjectivesPreference for recycling
TargetsNo specific targets mentioned
DescriptionThe mentioned waste materials have to be kept separate either on site or at the treatment facility. The separation has to be carried out in a way that recovery is possible.
ImplementationDecree on management of waste arising from construction work (OJ RS, Mo. 34/08)
ResultMore than 70 % of C&D waste was recovered in 2006
Link to indicators: http://kazalci.arso.gov.si/kazalci/index_html?lang=1
Regulatory instrument
TitleBurdening of soil with waste spreading
ScopeWaste from the extractive industries
Year2003
Transition periodNo
ObjectivesNo specific objectives mentioned
TargetsNo specific targets mentioned
DescriptionManagement of waste from the extractive industries
ImplementationDecree on management of waste from the extractive industries (OJ RS, No. 43/08)
ResultNo information
Regulatory instrument
TitleAssurance to landfill waste materials containing asbestos as closer as possible to originate place
ScopeDisposal of materials containing asbestos
Year2003
Transition periodNo
ObjectivesTo register objects and plants that contain more than 1,000 kg of materials containing loosely bound asbestos and ensure the depositing of waste containing firmly bound asbestos to landfills for non-hazardous waste
TargetsNo specific targets mentioned
DescriptionManagement of waste materials containing asbestos
ImplementationDecree on management of waste containing azbestos (OJ RS, No. 35/08)
ResultBy categorizing asbestos as a hazardous waste and informing the public and the contractors that asbestos is a hazardous substance, the quantity of waste has increased significantly.

Additional info

no information

5.4.2. Market-based instruments

Market-based instrument
TitleTax on landfill
Scopelandfill
Year2001
Transition periodno information
ObjectivesSanitation, technical adjustment of the landfill, construction or purchasing of equipment. Tax must be paid by the operator.
Targetsno information
DescriptionSince 2006, in case of industrial landfills, the whole collected tax goes to the state budget. Tax payer that invests or get engaged in sanitation programme (construction/ improvement of waste management facilities) resulting in minimization of quantity of waste landfilled is exempted from paying the tax in accordance with State Aid Rules.
Implementationno information
Resultno information

Additional info

no information

5.4.3. Information-based instruments

Additional info

no information

5.4.4. Voluntary instruments

Additional info

no information

6. Biodegradable Municipal Waste - Slovenia

6.1. Objectives

Separate collection and recovery of waste, including biodegradable fractions. Obligatory treatments of biodegradable waste and promoting its use.

6.2. Targets

Table 1: QUANTITY OF BIODEGRADABLE INGREDIENTS/COMPONENTS IN MUNICIPAL WASTE THAT MAY BE ANNUAL DISPOSED TO THE ALL LANDFILLS IN THE TERRITORY OF THE REPUBLIC OF SLOVENIA (Decree on the landfill of waste, Anex 1, OJ RS, No. 98/07)

Period

Reduction of the annual quantity

of biodegradable municipal waste landfilled, expressed in terms of reducing the percentage of

biodegradable

waste in municipal waste, generated in 1995

(%)

Annual amount of landfilled biodegradable substances in municipal waste

expressed as a percentage of weight of municipal waste,

generated in 1995

(%)

Annual amount of biodegradable substances in landfilled municipal waste

(1.000 t)

Base year 1995

63

445

2000

0

63

445

2001

5

60

423

2002

5

57

401

2003

5

54

378

2004

5

50

356

2005

5

47

334

2006

5

44

312

2007

10

38

267

2008

10

32

223

2009– 2010

5

28

200

2011– 2012

5

25

178

2013– 2015

5

22

156

The following targets must be attained no letter than 31 December 2012:

The following minimum recycling targets for materials contained in packaging:

6.3. Strategy

Separate collection and ban untreated Biodegradble Municipal waste going to landfills. Separate collection of all organic kitchen waste Taxation on the landfilling of waste

6.4. Policy instruments

6.4.1. Regulatory instruments

Regulatory instrument
TitleTreatment of biodegradable waste
ScopeBiodegradable waste
Year2008
Transition periodno information
ObjectivesObligatory treatments of biodegradable waste and promoting its use
TargetsNo specific targets
Descriptionno information
ImplementationDecree on the treatment of biodegradable waste (OJ RS, No. 62/08).
ResultNo results
Regulatory instrument
TitleSeparate collection of packaging waste
ScopePackaging waste
Year2004
Transition periodno information
ObjectivesProducers of packaging or packaging raw materials, importers, packaged goods manufacturers and retailers are obliged to cover the recovery cost and ensure that packaging they have send in the market in Slovenia is collected for reuse, reprocessing or disposal. The same is applied to end-users that import or purchase packaging or packaging material themselves
TargetsThe following targets must be attained by 31 December 2012:
• minimum 60 % by weight must be recovered or incinerated at waste incineration plants with energy recovery,
• between 55% as a minimum and 80% as a maximum by weight of packaging waste must be recycled,
The following minimum recycling targets for materials contained in packaging:
• 60% by weight for paper and board,
• 15% by weight for wood.
DescriptionImplementation of separate collection of packaging waste
ImplementationDecree on the management of packaging and packaging waste
(OJ RS, No. 84/06, 106/06, 110/07)
ResultThe share of recovered paper and carbon was 66% in 2006 (target for 2012: 60%) and the share for recovered wood was 40 % in 2006 (target for 2012: 15 %)
Link to indicators: http://kazalci.arso.gov.si/kazalci/index_html?lang=1
Regulatory instrument
TitleSeparate collection of organic kitchen waste
ScopeOrganic kitchen waste
Year2004
Transition periodno information
ObjectivesTo separate and biologically process all organic waste
Targetsno information
DescriptionImplementation of separate collection of organic kitchen waste from municipal waste and define its recovery.
ImplementationRules on the management of organic kitchen waste (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, no. 37/04)
Decree on the management of organic kitchen waste
(OJ RS, No. 68/08)
ResultThe amount of separately collected organic kitchen waste has been more than doubled from the year 2004 when the system was established.
Link to indicators: http://kazalci.arso.gov.si/kazalci/index_html?lang=1
Regulatory instrument
TitleSeparate collection of edible oil and fat waste
ScopeWaste edible oil and fat
Year2004
Transition periodno information
ObjectivesTo separate edible oil and fat from other fractions of municipal waste and ensure recovery
Targetsno information
DescriptionImplementation of separate collection and management of edible oil and fat. Bans: edible oils waste cannot be mixed with other types of waste, released into the municipal sewer system, septic tanks or directly into water, nor can they be discharged on the soil surface or underground.
ImplementationRules on the management of edible oils and fats waste (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, no. 42/04).
Decree on the management of waste edible oils and fats
(OJ RS, No. 70/08)
ResultThe amount of separately collected edible oils and fats waste has increase by about 40 % in the year 2004 when the system was introduced.
Link to indicators: http://kazalci.arso.gov.si/kazalci/index_html?lang=1

Additional info

no information

6.4.2. Market-based instruments

Market-based instrument
TitleTax on landfill
ScopeLandfilling of waste
Year2001
Transition periodno information
ObjectivesSanitation, technical adjustment of the landfill, construction or purchasing of equipment. Tax must be paid by the operator.
TargetsNo specific targets
DescriptionSince 2001, when Decree on environmental tax for environmental pollution caused by waste disposal was adopted, all landfill operators of hazardous, non hazardous and inert waste are obliged to pay tax for disposal of waste. If the operator invests the collected tax for the sanitation, technical adjustment of the landfill, construction or purchasing of equipment, Ministry for Environmental and Spatial Planning- Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia confirms the investments and the operator is not obliged to transfer the collected tax to the state budget. Since 2001 the investments in public infrastructure (landfilling of municipal waste) raised annually to EUR 13 million. The largest share was spent on landfills of municipal and hazardous waste, with significant investment in collection and recycling schemes.
Since 2006, in case of industrial landfills, the whole collected tax goes to the state budget. Tax payer that submits investment or sanitation programme (construction/ improvement of waste management facilities) resulting in lower quantity of waste landfilled is exempted from paying the tax in accordance with State Aid Rules.
ImplementationDecree on environmental tax for environmental pollution caused by waste disposal
Resultno information

Additional info

no information

6.4.3. Information-based instruments

Additional info

no information

6.4.4. Voluntary instruments

Additional info

no information

Results

Biodegradable municipal waste

The system is not fully operated yet. No results.

Construction and demolition waste

Recovery rate for C&D waste has increased.

The quantity of collected waste material content asbestos has risen.

More information could be found in indicator for C&D waste: http://kazalci.arso.gov.si/kazalci/index_htmlωlang=1&Kaz_id=108&Kaz_naziv=Gradbeni%20odpadki&Sku_id=5&Sku_naziv=ODPADKI%20IN%20SNOVNI%20TOK&tip_kaz=1#KAZALEC_TOP

Waste prevention

The results of policy instruments are not available

7. Bibliography

8. Country links to national waste information