|Population (tousand inhabitans)||41664|
|Population density||83 inhabitants/Km²|
|Average number of persons per private
|Passenger cars per 1000 inhabitants**||460|
|GDP per capita in Purchasing Power
|GDP per capita (Constant prices)||EUR 14883 (at 1995 and exchange rates)|
|Household characteristics by
urbanisation degree, distribution of
households % ****
|50% in densely populated areas(at least 500 inhab./Km²)
19% in intermediate urbanised areas(100 - 499 inhab./Km²)
31% in sparsely populated areas(less than 100 inhab./Km²)
|Gross value added (GVA) -
At current basic prices and current
exchange rates (% of all branches).
|18% Industry, including energy
26% Trade, transport and communication services
21% Buisness activities and financial services
21% Other services
4% Agriculture, hunting and fishing
Source: Source: Eurostat, 2004 except from * 2003; ** EUROSTAT/DGTREN, 2002; ***1999
|Waste Law 10/1998||
|Period of implementation||Main features|
|National Urban Solid Waste Management Plan 2000-06||Main targets of the Plan:
|National Plan on C&D waste 2001-2006||National plan for C&D waste management
|National Plan for End-Of-Live-Vehicles 2001-2006||
|National Plan for Used Tyres 2001-2006||Incineration without energy-recovery and landfilling not allowed since 2003|
|Catalan Decree 1/1997||Draws a Regional Strategy for BMW management, including obligation for separate collection|
|Catalan Municipal Waste Management Programme (PROGREMIC) - 2001|
|Transposition||Act/Law/decree||Year of transposition||Text available
|Landfill directive99/31||Royal Decree 1481/2001 on Landfill||27 December, 2001 (BOE 29 January, 2002)||Y||Spanish|
|Landfill decision 2003/33|
|Incineration directive 76/00||Royal Decree 653/2003 on Incineration of Waste||30 May 2003 (BOE 14 June, 2003)||Y||Spanish|
The NWMP foresees to incinerate 9% of MSW by 2001 and 17.7% by 2006. All uncontrolled landfills to be closed by 2006
Bio-waste management and reduction:
BMW is defined in the National Decree (1481/2001) as any waste capable of anaerobic/aerobic degradation and that are contained inside municipal (or urban) waste; hence the materials considered are:
The Plan indicates a general target for BMW recycling (composting) by treating a minimum 40% by 2001 and 50% by 2006
of the total arising; the Plan intends to enhance energetically valorisation by means of anaerobic digestion of 2%
of BMW by 2001 and 5% by 2006.
The National Plan on Waste states a general target for green waste to be separately collected and recycled: 50% by 2002 and 80% by 2006. Food waste should be separately colleted starting from big producers (restaurants, canteens, etc)
The National strategy for strategy for the reduction of biodegradable waste going to landfills pursuant to Article 5(1) of the EU Directive 1999/31/CE is currently in the development stage.
Regarding the transposition of the Landfill Directive, the NPWM states that by 2006 all landfill sites will be managed according to the requirements of the EU Directive, estimating that 33.1% of MSW will be eliminated via landfilling.
Packaging waste management and reduction:
If this latter figure is not reached, taxes will be applied. There are choices between deposit self-compliance and
membership of a compliance scheme. Responsibility is on the last holders/ owners of commercial/ industrial waste.
They can either have a take-back system or become a member of a compliance scheme. At regional and central level,
financial or fiscal measures can be put in place to promote the packaging that responds to the Prevention Plan.
The packaging companies that want to belong to Ecoembes's IMS in order to comply with the law, enter into a Membership Contract and fill in an annual return regarding the packing put on the Spanish market, from which their contribution to the IMS is deducted. Ecoembes uses these contributions to finance the extra-cost that the selective collection, transport, classification and subsequent recycling and recovery of the packaging waste means to the local authorities.
Packaging managed by ECOEMBES
The Region Catalunja adopted in 2001 the Catalan Municipal Waste Management Programme (PROGREMIC) which contains also a Regional Strategy for BMW management (Catalan Decree 1/1997); there is a general obligation of bio-waste separate collection (mostly food waste) for all municipalities exceeding 5000 inhabitants. The development of source-separation schemes was further fostered in 2003 by granting about EUR 2.8 Mio to 47 municipal and "supra-municipal" authorities to allow investments for buckets, biodegradable bags, containers, information campaigns and other activities strictly linked to encouraging separate collection of bio-waste, such as the realisation of organic waste transfer points or the equipment with specific vehicles for separate collection. 144 municipalities introduced separate collection schemes for bio-waste by 2003, collecting about 150.336 t of materials. About 2.2 x 10^6 inhabitants are connected to the separate collection scheme. At the end of 2003, the state of the infrastructure to recover organic matter was as follows: 15 plants for composting, 1 for anaerobic digestion; 7 plants are currently under construction.
In addition to this, the last Municipal Waste Management Programme in Catalunya (2001-2006) sets objectives for separate collection for each of the fractions of MSW. Regarding bio-waste, the objective for separate collection is 40% - of total bio-waste produced - by the end of 2003, and 55% by the end of 2006.
The Catalan Government is actually working in the direction of implementing the law on waste and the municipal waste management programme (PROGREMIC) in order to:
The Integrated Urban Waste Management Plan for Gipuzkoa (PIGRUG in its Spanish initials) lays the groundwork for developing sustainable urban waste management in the Bask Region. The Plan aims to significantly increase composting from the current level of 1500 tonnes/year from green and wood waste to 22,500 tonnes year in 2016. This increase will be achieved through the selective collection and treatment of the organic waste from large-scale producers (markets large shopping centres cafeterias etc). Once these minimisation recycling and composting strategies have been applied it is envisaged that the remaining part of MSW will undergo mechanical biological treatment be used to produce energy or a combination of both techniques.
|Kind of instrument||Landfill tax|
|Tax rates||Taxes for Landfills are not generally implemented.
Values for Madrid are per tonne of waste:
EUR10 Hazardous Waste;
EUR 7 Domestic Waste;
EUR 3 Construction and demolition waste
Average value in Catalonia: EUR 10 per tonne
|Kind of instrument||Licence fees for packaging|
|Purpose of instrument||At regional and central level, financial or fiscal measures can be put in place to promote that packaging responds to the Prevention Plan.|
|Waste streams involved/fee|| Packaging material: - (Tariffs in EUR/kg in 2005 (excl. VAT))
Plastics - 0.191
Paper/cardboard - 0.051
Beverage cartons - 0.156
Steel - 0.051
Aluminium - 0.081
Wood - 0.019
Ceramics - 0.014
Other materials - 0.191
Glass > 500ml - 0.0078 EUR/unit
Glass > 125 ml <= 500 ml - 0.0039 EUR/unit
Glass > <= 125 ml - 0.00293 EUR/unit
Composite materials: That is, packaging made of 2 or more materials, that are originally separate but when they form the packaging are difficult for the final consumer to separate. From 2003 onwards it will always contribute as if it were entirely composed of the majority material.
|Source of information||Decree Law April, 1997; Decree of Transposition of the Directive, 1998; www.pro-e.org|
|Total waste generation||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Municipal waste generated*||20065||21135||22174||22436||24479||26513||26634||26586||27581|
|Municipal waste landfilled||12134||11758||12606||12577||13157||13559||14726||14723||15000|
|Biodegradable municipal waste generated||11658||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Biodegradable waste landfilled||-||-||-||-||-||-||8852||9268||9291|
|Used tyres generated||-||-||-||-||-||265||-||-||-|
Source: Eurostat Structural Indicators. * calculated from kg per capita **Eurostat, data reported by member states to the European Commission (late 2005)
|Total waste generation||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Municipal waste generated||510||536||561||566||615||662||658||649||662|
|Municipal waste landfilled||308||298||319||317||331||339||364||359||364|
|Biodegradable municipal waste generated||297||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Biodegradable waste landfilled||-||-||-||-||-||-||219||226||223|
|Used tyres generated||-||-||-||-||-||6.6||-||-||-|
Source: Eurostat Structural Indicators. *Eurostat, data reported by member states to the European Commission (late 2005)
|National regulations||Exists or not (Y/N)||Reference (if available)|
|Landfill||Y||Royal Decree 1481/2001 on Landfill.|
|Incineration||Y||Royal Decree 653/2003 on Incineration of Waste.|
|BMW (Bio-degradable municipal waste)||N|
|Packaging||Y||Law 11/1997 on Packaging and Packaging Waste.|
|End-of Life Vehicles / Tyres||Y||Royal Decree 1383/2002 on Management of End of Life Vehicles.|
|Waste of electrical and electronic equipment||Y||Royal Decree 208/2005 on electric and electronic equipment.|
|Batteries||Y||Royal Decree 45/1996 and Order of 25 October 2000, on batteries.|
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