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Czech Republic

A: Overall policy framework

1. Setting the scene
1.1
General facts and figures about the country
1.2 Narrative introduction: SCP in the national environmental policy context

2. Towards Sustainable Consumption and Production: Strategic objectives, policy instruments in focus and indicators and quantitative targets defined in national strategies, action plans etc.

2.1 Strategies, action plans etc that address SCP explicitly and comprehensively

2.2 Most important SCP related strategies, action plans etc

     2.2.1 Overall, economy-wide strategic objectives, indicators and target etc

     2.2.2 SCP policies along the life-cycle chain
        Use and Management of Raw Materials
        Leaner and cleaner production, and the environmental technologies sector
        Better products and services
        Smarter consumption - household consumption
        Smarter consumption - public consumption (Intermediate private consumption by firms)

     2.2.3 Specific SCP policies in the production-consumption areas of highest environment impact
        Food and drink
        Housing
        Mobility
        Appliances
        SCP social aspects

3. Institutional setup to support the implementation of SCP
3.1 National institutions with responsibility explicitly "in the name of SCP"
3.2 Other major and innovative national institutions with SCP-related responsibility

4. SCP international cooperation
4.1 Participation in the Marrakech Process (MP)
4.2 Participation in the work of the International Panel for Sustainable Resource Man.
4.3 Organisation of other major international cooperation initiatives and events, explicitly in the name of SCP.

5. Overall stakeholder events, campaigns and dialogue processes
5.1 Overall stakeholder events, campaigns and dialogue processes "in the name of SCP".

6. References


B: Examples of National Policies to Promote Sustainable Household Consumption
List of national policies to promote sustainable household consumption

C: Show cases on national policies to promote sustainable household consumption
Show case I, II and II

1. Setting the Scene

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General facts and figures about the country

Population (projected inhabitants for 2009)1

10,474,000

Surface area (km2)2 78,867
GDP per capita in Purchasing Power Standards (PPS) EU27=100 (2008)1 81.9
Share of urban population (%)3 73.5
Main economic sectors and their share in total GDP4 agriculture: 2.4%
industry: 39.7%
services: 57.9%
EU accession date5 1.5.2004

Sources:
1 Eurostat 2008
2 Demographic Yearbook, UN Statistics Division 2006
3 World Bank 2006, www.worldbank.org/prospects/migrationandremittances visited 15th Dec. 2008
4 CIA World Factbook (2007 est)
5 European Commission 2008, http://europa.eu/abc/12lessons/key_dates/index_en.htm visited 15th Dec. 2008

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SCP in the national environmental policy context

The History of SCP in the Czech Republic
Environmental law has a long tradition in the Czech Republic, going back to the 1970s, primarily in relation to the protection of nature and agricultural land, water and forest management, and environmental health issues. After 1989, attempts were made to overcome the legacy of the past and to move environmental policy making to a more advanced stage. However, by the middle of the 1990s, environmental problems were still viewed fundamentally as pollution problems, to be resolved by scientific expertise, technological progress and the installation of end-of-pipe equipment.

At the end of the 1990s, a third wave of environmental law development was launched in order to achieve compliance with the acquis communautaire in preparation for accession to the EU. The related challenges were also regarded as an opportunity to establish a comprehensive, transparent and consistent system of environmental legislation. In fact, a number of acts, especially those laying out new approaches and policy instruments (e.g. in relation to the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control, or IPPC, Directive), would not have been passed without the need to comply with EU requirements.
Since as early as the 1990s, a central element of the national environmental policy portfolio of the Czech Republic has been a series of state environmental policy (SEP) documents. These SEPs gradually have become the government’s main vehicle for strengthening and improving cooperation with other sectors and stakeholders, in line with the principles of sustainable development: although SEPs are, in principle, governmental documents, their implementation requires the active participation of the general public, partners in the business sector, civil society, scientific and research institutes and others.

The Czech Republic has been active in implementation of voluntary instruments since 1990s. The Czech National Cleaner Production Centre (NCPC) was founded under the umbrella programme of UNIDO/UNEP in 1994. The National Eco-labelling Programme was approved by the government in 1994, in 2007, the programme was transformed into the National Programme for Environmental Labelling covering all types of environmental labelling, including self-declared environmental claims and environmental product declarations (EPD). The European Eco-Label “The Flower” is also used in the Czech Republic. The accreditation system for ISO 14001 was developed and the governmental programme for the European Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS) approved in 1998.

The Czech Republic became an EU member state in 2004, the same year in which the government adopted the first national sustainable development strategy (NSDS). The following year saw the launch of the Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production in the Czech Republic (the SCP Framework). The Czech Republic thus became one of the first few EU member states to have prepared a dedicated SCP framework of programmes, in line with the recommendations of Agenda 21 and the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation.

The SCP Framework was developed by the Working Group on Sustainable Consumption and Production of the Czech Government Council for Sustainable Development, between 2003 and 2005. It is based on the 2004 NSDS, other adopted strategies, and policies in process (e.g. the State Energy Policy and the Czech Republic Transport Policy). It elaborates the relevant sections of these strategies in the field of consumption and production.
As stated in the document itself, the SCP Framework was drafted in response to the need to tackle the issue of sustainable consumption and production in a systematic and proactive way, bearing in mind the increasing consumption of natural resources and the growing burden on the environment.
The current NSDS is already under review and it is expected that both sustainable consumption and sustainable production will be among the main priorities of the revised strategy (see below).

The Role of the SCP Concept in Policy Making
Political commitment in the area of SCP was demonstrated by the preparation and adoption of the SCP Framework, which has become an important driver of related policy making. This political document gives relevant ministries, in cooperation with other stakeholders, the mandate to work out thematic follow-up strategies and action plans. To date, e.g. the Action Plan on Eco-agriculture and Organic Food, and the National Strategy for Education for Sustainable Development have been prepared in the context of the implementation of the framework.


Further strategies, action plans and activities are planned in the following thematic areas:

  • material and resource efficiency;
  • transportation;
  • sustainable state administration (SPP);
  • quality of life;
  • sustainable construction and buildings; and
  • corporate social responsibility.

The concept of SCP is also reflected in many other relevant national strategies, such as the Strategic Framework for Sustainable Development in the Czech Republic, the National Programme of Reforms, the Economic Growth Strategy and the Czech Environmental Technology Action Plan.


Finally, SCP was one of the environmental priorities of the Czech presidency of the EU in the first half of 2009, alongside climate protection, the protection of human health and the environment, and the protection of biodiversity.

Current Key Areas of Focus for SCP or SCP-related Policy


Sustainable consumption, with its focus on sustainable lifestyles, is one of the priorities of the updated NSDS - Strategic Framework for Sustainable Development in the Czech Republic. The issue of sustainable production is addressed in the related chapters of the, for example on the economy, innovations and regional development. The document was adopted by the Czech Government on 11 January 2010. During the year 2010 updated State Environmental Policy, Climate Policy, State Energy Policy, Raw Materials Policy and Transportation Policy are expected to be adopted by Government. Furthermore, the revision of the SCP Framework has already started and a revised version is expected in 2011.


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2. Towards SCP: Strategic objectives, policy instruments in focus and indicators and quantitative targets defined in national strategies, action plans etc.

2.1 Strategies, action plans etc that address SCP explicitly and comphrehensively

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Title and year of adoption:

Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production in the Czech Republic (2005) [1]

SCP vision and/or SCP concept statement:

“SCP is a basic precondition of sustainable development. Consumption means both the use of products and services and the use of natural resources, energy, water, land, etc.  SCP is not an obstacle to economic development; on the contrary, it is a challenge and an opportunity for the private sector to optimise the production process in terms of energy and material intensity and to make products with a competitive advantage for the increasingly aware consumer market in the European Union – products with an emphasis on quality, health and protection of the environment.  It also offers an opportunity to create new jobs and thus considerably contributes to finding a solution to the social problem of highest priority – unemployment.”.

Main areas of action (SCP key issues etc.) and related strategic objectives defined:

Overall objective
Absolute decoupling of environmental degradation from economic growth and continuous improvement in the quality of life.
Specific, horizontal objectives

  1. Reducing the material and energy intensity within the systems of production and consumption (by increasing their efficiency).
  2. Optimising the systems of production and consumption (substitution of inputs, processes, products, services and requirements) as follows:
    i) changed consumption, ii) responsible consumption, iii) adequate consumption.

Strategic priorities
1) Education and transfer of information: provide education and ensure the transfer of information as basic preconditions to the achievement of sustainable consumption;
2) Integration of policies, strategies and programmes: improve linkage between objectives and practice, ensure feedback from implementation, enhance the interdepartmental integration of objectives and policies;
3) Eco-efficiency throughout the life-cycle: utilise the potential for eco-efficient solutions in a systematic manner, exploit the potential for eco-effective solutions in respect of production processes and services in the private and public sectors by the more effective use, or substitution of material and energy inputs;
4) Local SCP initiatives: realise the potential of the local community for implementing more sustainable consumption and production patterns on the basis of local objectives and social capital;
5) Sustainable public administration – green public procurement: inform public servants about environmentally sound measures and products, support the availability of products with a high added value, show appropriate example to others and contribute to an expansion in the opportunity of choice and access to information for all consumers;

6) Market conditions: explore and assess harmful subsidies and externalities in individual industrial sectors and subsequently eliminate harmful subsidies and internalise externalities and provide availability for sustainable consumer choice;



Policy instruments in focus defined:

The Framework lists a wide range of types of instruments in focus:

  • Programming instruments (strategies, policies, concepts, programmes, plans – e.g. The SCP Framework).
  • Normative instruments (obligations, limits, standards, prohibitions, directions such as requirements concerning appliances, reduction of consumption and production of hazardous products).
  • Economic instruments (taxes, fees, penalties, subsidies - they apply to the internalisation of externalities; determine the “full environmental price”, fair price, etc.).
  • Organisational instruments (arrangement of the relations between entities – e.g. intervention in chains for the disposal of recycled products, the promotion of competition against monopolisation, restrictions imposed on undisciplined entities).
  • Informative instruments  (gathering, processing and transferring information e.g. for registers of hazardous products or substances, or prices).
  • Education and training (long-term instrument for the shaping of attitudes and viewpoints and value preferences of the society, a continuous,  life-long process covering the population from pre-school children to adults).
  • Institutional instruments (functions of public administration institutions in the areas of market supervision, safety, and elimination of risks, e.g. programmes of “green government” – Government Resolution No 720 of July 2000 in support of the sale and use of environmentally sound products).
Voluntary  instruments  (activities  that business  entities and other parties  implement on  the base of their  free, voluntary decision and  that go beyond  the  framework of regulatory requirements, belong in the category of preventative instruments, and as such they focus on elimination of real causes of an environmental degradation, e.g. eco-labelling, implementation of environmental management systems (EMAS, ISO 14001), cleaner production, green purchasing, green public procurement and voluntary agreements).

SCP indicators:

Two potential indicator clusters are defined:

  1. Physical: (i) material and energy consumption, (ii) generation of waste, (iii) pollution per unit of production or service
  2. Tax revenues in the private sector or savings of public expenditure in the public sector achieved through reduction of production costs (lower material and energy requirements).

Further, the following indicators are stated as illustration of important states and trends (They are not intended as a comprehensive set of indicators to measure SCP patterns):

  • Development of the number of enterprises with EMAS and ISO 14001
  • Drinking water consumption
  • Production of municipal waste
  • Recycling and reuse of packaging waste
  • Expenditures on advertising
  • Material consumption and material intensity
  • Imports and exports of mineral raw materials
  • Harmful substances


SCP quantitative targets:

None in this strategy

Expected revision of the strategic document (year):

2010

Other relevant information:

Relevant ministries, in cooperation with other stakeholders, were given the mandate to work out thematic follow-up action plans in the priority areas defined in the Framework, including the highest impact production-consumption categories (food and drink, housing and mobility).


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2.2 Most important SCP related strategies, action plans etc

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2.2.1 The overall economy-wide strategic objectives, indicators and targets etc.

Relevant strategies

The Strategic Framework for Sustainable Development in the Czech Republic (2010) [2]
State Environment Policy of the Czech Republic 2004-2010 (2004) [3]
National Lisbon Programme 2005-2008 (2005) [4]
State Energy Policy of the Czech Republic (2006) [5]
National programme for the energy management and the use of renewable sources of energy for 2006 – 2009 (2006) [6]
National development plan of the Czech Republic 2007-2013 [7]
Waste Management Plan of the Czech Republic for 2003-2013 (2003) [8]
The Raw Material Policy of the Czech Republic in the Field of Mineral Materials and Their Resources (1999) [9]

Strategic objectives:

  • In accordance with EU principles, reform the tax system in the sense of revenue-neutral environmental tax reform. [2] [3]
  • Decoupling of environmental pressures from development in the energy sector [2]
  • The maximisation of the efficiency of energy consumption. [2] [5] [6]
  • Efficient exploitation of energy sources throughout their “life cycle” – from acquisition, transportation, storage, transformation, to final consumption of energy. [2]
  • Improvements in energy efficiency, the use of all efficient forms of energy saving, and increases in the share of renewable sources in the energy balance. [2] [6]
  • Raise public awareness of environmental issues, greater understanding of the environmental connections of the economic and social life of society, increased quality of consumer decision-making, increased legal awareness of citizens and, as a consequence, also improved quality of life. [3]
  • Continue to support the development and implementation of the existing voluntary instruments in practice in CR (eco-labelling, introduction of EMAS and ISO 14000, the principles of cleaner production, voluntary agreements, green procurement). [3]
  • Encourage sustainable use of resources and strengthen synergies between environmental protection and growth. [4]
  • Ensuring effective amount and structure of primary energy sources consumption. [5]

Policy instruments in focus:

  • Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) to carry out “economic and environmental optimisation” [2].
  • Economic instruments (subsidies, grants, incentives, the elimination of undesirable subsidies, the initiation of environmental tax reform) [2] [3] [4] [5] [9]
  • Stable legal and institutional framework, and economic and voluntary instruments in the field of environmental protection [2]
  • Planning instruments [2]
  • Implementation of the Action Plan for Sustainable Consumption and Production and for Sustainable Industrial Policy [4]
  • General instruments stated in [3]:

Legal instruments (On the basis of analysis of mining law and the related legislation in the individual EU countries, propose changes in legal regulations in an attempt to achieve the level of legislation and administrative procedures employed in the EU countries and strengthen the inclusion of environmental inspection of mining and participation of municipalities and the general public in the legislation of this country).
Economic instruments (National Fund for Environment, complex system of economic instruments for management of wastes and packaging, public-private partnership, new payment for air pollution - transition from payment of fees for discharging pollutants into the air to fees for consumption of fuels, payments for use of surface waters).
Voluntary instruments (support to the development and implementation of the existing voluntary instruments in practice as eco-labelling, EMAS and ISO 14000, the principles of cleaner production, voluntary agreements, green procurement; Integrated Production Policy in accordance with the EU procedures).
Informative instruments (Gradually extend the Integrated Pollution Register and convert it to the form of Pollution Release and Transfer Register, integrated information system between Ministries of Environment, Agriculture, Health and Industry and Trade).
Research and development ( Research programs on effective use of natural material and energy sources, protection of natural resources in material flows and waste management, protection of water sources and water in the landscape) 

  • Laws supporting electricity generated from renewable resources on the internal market as well combined electricity and heat generation based on demand for effective heat [4] [5]
  • Current and prospective measures and instruments stated in [5]:

Legislative measures (Greater use of alternative fuels in transport, Integrated environmental protection system according to IPPC, Greenhouse gas emissions trading).
State supporting and dumping programmes (Support research and development programmes, including the National Research Programme, Damping programmes for the coal, ore and uranium industries).
Analytic, media and other measures (Energy statistics – review achievements and improve policy).

    • Subsidized price (purchase) of electricity generated from renewables for a period of 15 years. [6]
    • Innovations and substitution of ineffective energy resources, emissions reduction, waste and packaging by setting up environmentally friendly technologies.

Indicators:

  • Share of environmental taxes in total tax revenues (%) [2]
  • Share of environmentally harmful subsidies and grants (%) [2]
  • Domestic consumption of primary energy sources (toe/person/year) [2] [3]
  • Structure of primary energy sources (%) [2] [3]
  • Energy intensity of GDP (toe per CZK 1000 of GDP, per US$ 1000 of GDP in purchasing power parity) [2] [3]
  • Proportion of the consumption of renewable energy sources in the total domestic consumption of primary energy sources and in the total generation of electricity (%) [2] [3]
  • Proportion of imported fuel in the gross consumption of primary energy sources (%) [2]
  • Ratio of the consumption of renewable energy sources to the total domestic consumption of primary energy sources and to the Total generation of electricity (%) [2]
  • Specific emissions of nitrogen oxides (t per km2) [2]
  • Specific emissions of sulphur dioxide (t per km2) [2]
  • Pollution discharged into water (emissions of dissolved substances, dissolved organic salts and oily products in tonnes per year) [2]
  • Emissions of carbon dioxide (t CO2 per 1000 USD HDP, t CO2 per inhabitant, per unit of domestic consumption of primary energy sources) [3]
  • Emissions of sulphur dioxide (t SO2 per 1000 USD HDP, tons of SO2 per km2 of territory, t SO2 per inhabitant).
Emissions of nitrogen oxides (t NO2 per 1000 USD HDP, t NO2 per km2 of territory, t NO2). [3]

 

Quantitative targets :

  • Emissions of CO2 should be reduced at such a rate that by 2020 they are at the approved limit of approximately 8.7 tonnes per person per year [2]
  • Achieving a 6% fraction of RES in total consumption of primary energy sources by 2010 [3]
  • Achieving at least an 8% fraction of electricity from RES in gross electricity consumption by 2010 [3]
  • National annual  indicative  target,  in  terms of  the volume of energy savings adopted for 2016, accounts for 19,842 GWh (for a transition period 2010 3,573 GWh) [4]
  • Renewable energy consumption: 13 % of total energy consumption by 2020 [4]
  • Acceleration and subsequent stabilisation of the annual rate of fall of the energy intensity of GDP creation by 3.0-3.5 % (long term indicative target) [5]
  • Acceleration and subsequent stabilisation of the annual rate of fall of the electricity intensity of GDP creation by 1.4 – 2.4% (long term indicative target) [5]
  • Achieving the following primary energy consumption structure by 2030: solid fuel 30-32 %, gas fuel 20-22%, liquid fuel 11-12%, nuclear fuel 20-22%, renewable sources 15-16% (long term) [5]
  • Maintaining limits for dependence on energy imports (indicative targets): in 2010 max. 45%, in 2020 max. 50%, in 2030 max. 60% (long term) [5]
  • Complying with binding EU emissions limits in 2010 (SO2 265,000 tonnes, NOx 286,000 tonnes, VOC 220,000 tonnes) [5]
  • Increase of energy effectiveness by 2.6% per year and energy savings by some 11 PJ per year [6]
  • Use yearly potential for energy savings in manufacturing sector at a level 3.7 PJ, in household sector 5.3 PJ, in transport sector 0.1 PJ and in other sectors  2.3 PJ [6]

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2.2.2 SCP policies along the life-cycle chain

The use and management of raw materials

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Relevant strategies

The Czech Republic Strategy for Sustainable Development (2004) [2]
State Environment Policy of the Czech Republic 2004-2010 (2004) [3]
Waste Management Plan of the Czech Republic for 2003-2013 (2003) [8]
The Raw Material Policy of the Czech Republic in the Field of Mineral Materials and Their Resources (1999) [9]

Strategic objectives:

  • Utilization of biomass and especially wood as an extensively used raw material rather than non-renewable materials [3]
  • Adequate use of domestic sources of raw materials, with the highest technically possible and economically realistically viable level of recycling, and the minimization of waste produced from the extraction of primary raw materials [2]
  • Sustainable use of natural resources, protection of waters, optimisation of material flows and waste management [3]
  • Maximum recovery of wastes as a substitute for primary natural resources [8]
  • Provision of no support for construction of new incinerators of municipal waste and for construction of new waste landfills from state funds [8]
  • Low-waste processing technologies in utilisation of mineral raw materials [9]
  • Decrease raw material and energy demands of the industrial production, achieve an optimal degree of recycling and higher utilisation of secondary materials [9]We shall increase the quality in waste management and ensure an effective waste sector[9]

Priority policy instruments:

  • Taxes on extracted reserved minerals which should be increased in comparison to current state for some minerals (brown coal and lignite, gold) [9]
  • Enforce legislative measures supporting greater utilisation of secondary materials [9]
  • Information system for mineral raw materials (including statistical monitoring of quantity and movement of selected secondary materials) [9]
  • Waste Management Council as an inter-sectoral advisory body of the Minister of the Environment, established for the purpose of coordination of waste management planning at the national level [8]
  • Integrated waste management systems at the regional level interconnecting with the country-wide network of waste management facilities in the framework of territorial utilities [8]
  • Implementation Programs of the Czech Republic for management of particular types of waste [8]


Indicators:

  • Share of recycled waste (%) [2]
  • Ratio of imports of raw materials to domestic extraction (% of domestic extraction) [2]
  • Production of municipal waste per person (kg/cap[2]
  • Production of industrial waste per unit of GDP (tonnes per CZK 1000 of GDP, per US$ 1000 of GDP in purchasing power parity) [2]
  • Domestic material consumption (tonnes, tonnes/cap) [2]
  • Material intensity of GDP (kg of domestic material consumption per CZK 1000 of GDP, per US$ 1000 of GDP in purchasing power parity) [2]
  • Production of municipal waste (kg/inhabitant p.a.) of which: recycled (%), incinerated (%), land filled (%)[3]
  • Amount of recycled paper of total amount formed (%) [3]
  • Amount of recycled glass of the total amount formed (%) [3]
  • Amount of industrial waste from the processing sector (kg per USD 1000 GDP) [3]
  • Production of hazardous waste (kg per 1000 USD GDP) [3]
  • Amount of spent nuclear fuel (kg of heavy metals per 1000 inhabitants) [3]
  • Amount of spent nuclear fuel (kg of heavy metals per unit of domestic consumption of primary energy sources (t of heavy metals /Mtoe) [3]
  • Total water withdrawals (% of total available sources) [3]
  • Total water withdrawals (m3/inhabitant)  [3]
  • Water withdrawals for public supplies (m3/inhabitant) [3]
  • Inhabitants connected to public sewers (% of population), of which treated (% of the population), only mechanical-biological (% of the population), to stage three (% of the population) [3]
  • Intensity of use of wood sources (harvesting as a fraction of total current growth) [3]
  • Annual wood harvesting related to 1980 (= 100%) [3]
  • Overall production of wastes (total, per GDP, per cap) [8]
  • Fraction of recovered waste [8]
  • Fraction of waste disposed of by landfilling, incineration [8]

Quantitative targets:

  • Decrease in the weight fraction of wastes deposited in landfills by 20 % by 2010 compared to 2000 [8]
  • An increase in recovery of wastes with preference for recycling to 55 % of all waste produced by 2012 [8]
  • Recovery of 75 % wt. of produced construction and demolition wastes by 2012 [8]
  • Share of biologically degradable municipal wastes deposited in landfills will be maximum of 75% wt. in 2010 and 50% wt. in 2013 and, in the future, in 2020, a maximum of 35% wt. of the total amount of BDMW produced in 1995 [8]
  • Reduction of the specific production of hazardous wastes by 20% by the year 2010 compared to 2000 [8]
  • Collection of used portable batteries in the amount of 100 g p.a. per inhabitant and ensure material recovery of 50 % wt. thereof by 2006 [8]
  • Collection and material recovery of 95% wt. of the total amount of lead storage batteries placed on the market by 2012 [8]
  • Reuse and recover at least 95 % of the average weight of all end-of-life vehicles accepted during a calendar year and reuse and provide for material recovery of at least 85 % of the average value of all end-of-life vehicles accepted during a calendar year from January 1, 2015 at latest [8]

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Leaner and cleaner production, environmental technologies

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Relevant strategies

The Czech Republic Strategy for Sustainable Development (2004) [2]
State Environment Policy of the Czech Republic 2004-2010 (2004) [3]
National Lisbon Programme 2005-2008 (2005) [4]
State Energy Policy of the Czech Republic (2006) [5]
National programme for the energy management and the use of renewable sources of energy for 2006 – 2009 (2006) [6]
The Raw Material Policy of the Czech Republic in the Field of Mineral Materials and Their Resources (1999) [9]

Strategic objectives:

  • Support to closed production and consumption cycles [2]
  • Production with high added value low in energy consumption [9]
  • The maximisation of the efficiency of energy consumption [2] [5] [6]
  • Sustainable use of natural resources, protection of waters and protection, optimisation of material flows and waste management [3]
  • Maximum possible replacement of non-renewable energy resources by renewable resources [3]

Priority policy instruments:

  • Updated Program for Supporting Environmental Technologies (ETAP) [4]
  • National program for energy savings [6]

Indicators:

  • Energy efficiency (consumption of primary energy sources per GDP, or consumption of electricity per GDP) [5]
  • Structure of primary energy sources (toe according to the type of energy source) [2]

Quantitative targets:

none

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Better products and services

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Relevant strategies

The Czech Republic Strategy for Sustainable Development (2004) [2]
Action plan on EE&A for 2007-2009 [15]
National programme for ecolabelling [16]

Strategic objectives:

  • Support to closed production and consumption cycles [2]
  • Decrease detrimental impact of products throughout their entire life cycles [16]
  • Influence use of raw materials, choice of technology and manner of disposal of a used product [16]

Priority policy instruments:

  • Appraisement of companies with environment-friendly behaviour, and which actively support system of environmental education [15]
  • Develop further the system of eco-labelling which would inform on the total environmental pressure of the product [15]
  • Create market mechanism for increasing demand for eco-labelled products [16]
  • Eco-label trademark “Environmentally Friendly Product” [16]

Indicators:

none

Quantitative targets:

none

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Smarter consumption – household consumption

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Relevant strategies

The Czech Republic Strategy for Sustainable Development (2004) [2]
State Energy Policy of the Czech Republic (2006) [5]
National programme for the energy management and the use of renewable sources of energy for 2006 – 2009 (2006) [6]
Waste Management Plan of the Czech Republic for 2003-2013 (2003) [8]

Strategic objectives:

  • The maximisation of the efficiency of energy consumption [2] [5] [6]
  • Decoupling specific waste production and the level of economic growth [8]

 

Priority policy instruments:

  • National program for energy savings [6]

 

Indicators:

none

Quantitative targets:

none

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Smarter consumption – public consumption

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Relevant strategies

The Czech Republic Strategy for Sustainable Development (2004) [2]
National programme for the energy management and the use of renewable sources of energy for 2006 – 2009 (2006) [6]
Action Plan on Eco-agriculture and Organic Food (2007) [10]
Action plan on EE&A for 2007-2009 [15]

Strategic objectives:

  • Implement gradually the environment-friendly operation of state administration including schools, health institutions, etc. [15]
  • Supporting education of public administration on sustainable development [15]
  • Strengthen environmental aspects in re-qualification programmes (reduction of energy consumption, introduction of best available techniques, etc.) [15]

 

Priority policy instruments:

  • Planning instruments [2]
  • National program for energy savings [6]
  • To use organic food products at administration authorities (e.g. in canteens, cafeterias) [10]

 

Indicators:

none

Quantitative targets:

none

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2.2.3 Specific SCP Policies in the production-consumption areas of highest environment impact

Food and drink

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Relevant strategies

The Czech Republic Strategy for Sustainable Development (2004) [2]
State Environment Policy of the Czech Republic 2004-2010 (2004) [3]
The Raw Material Policy of the Czech Republic in the Field of Mineral Materials and Their Resources (1999) [9]
Action Plan on Eco-agriculture and Organic Food (2007) [10]
Concept of Agricultural Policy in the Czech Republic after the EU accession for 2004-2013 [13]

Strategic objectives:

  • Enhance competitiveness of agriculture and food industry in Czech Republic by increased efficiency of production, quality of products based on environmental friendly production schemes, safety and regional variety of production [13]
  • Increase the share of renewable energy sources from agriculture on domestic consumption of primary energy sources with long term target of energy independent countryside [13]
  • Increase the positive influence of organic farming on nature and landscape [10]
  • Promote viable rural farms [10]
  • Contribute through organic production to the protection of consumer interests [10]
  • Respect the carrying capacity of the land as a defining factor for exploitation of primary resources [9]aintain and restore fish stocks and to save fragile nature areas [11]

Priority policy instruments:

  • “Bio Fund” for supporting the marketing of organic products and foodstuffs [10]
  • To improve (simplify) the distribution system of organic farming products, which will result in the reduction of consumer prices (e.g. to enhance direct sale of organic products by the farms to consumers) [10]
  • To use organic food products at  administration authorities (e.g. in canteens, cafeterias) [10]

Indicators:

  • Proportion of farmland area dedicated for production of renewable sources of energy in the total area of farmland (%) [2]
  • Proportion of organic farming in the total area of farmland (%) [2]
  • Consumption of fertilisers (kg of pure nutrients per hectare) [2] [3]
  • Consumption of pesticides (kg/hectare) [2] [3]

 

Quantitative targets:

  • To achieve by 2010 an approx. 10% share of organic farming in the total agricultural land [10]
  • 1 % of the total food consumption in the Czech Republic is organic food by the end of 2010 [10]
  • Min. 25 % of the Czech citizens buy organic food regularly (at least once a week) [10]
  • By the end of 2010 at least 60 % of the total organic food consumption is produced domestically [10]
  • Stable or decreasing area of fallow [13]
  • Increased production of cereals and oil crops [13]

 

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Housing

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Relevant strategies

Housing policy, 2005 [14]

Strategic objectives:

Support renovation of prefabricated housing units (panel buildings) [14]

 

Priority policy instruments:

Program “Support to the housing development” (funding for the regeneration of prefabricated housing units – infrastructure, bicycle paths, noise barriers, etc.) [14]

 

Indicators:

  • Number of apartments per 1000 inhabitants [14]
  • Average floor area of apartments (in existing and new buildings) [14]
  • Housing expenditures [14]
  • Average number of people in an household [14]
  • Ratio of single households from the total amount of households [14]

Quantitative targets:

none

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Mobility

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Relevant strategies

The Czech Republic Strategy for Sustainable Development (2004) [2]
State Environment Policy of the Czech Republic 2004-2010 (2004) [3]
National programme for the energy management and the use of renewable sources of energy for 2006 – 2009 [6]
Transport Policy of the Czech Republic 2005-2013 (2005) [11]
National Cycling Strategy (2004) [12

Strategic objectives:

  • Limit the environmental and public health impacts of transport in line with sustainable development principles [11]
  • Higher use of alternative fuel in transport [6]
  • Development of cycling as an equal means of transport serving the mobility needs of the territory [12]
  • Develop cycling for the strengthening of the environment protection and health [12]

 

Priority policy instruments:

  • Public logistics centres
  • Telematics systems in public logistics, including optimization of city supply (City-logistics)
  • Integrated transport systems
  • Comparable charging and taxation of the rail and bus transport
  • Developing bicycle transport infrastructure to integrate bicycle transport into short-distance passenger transport system.
  • Legal framework for the implementation of a toll collection system for access to centres according to local conditions
  • Program to support production of biofuels [6]
  • Methodical handbooks, instructions and relevant norms for cycle path construction to help investors and firms implement [12]
  • Database of an updated cycling route network (GIS tools) and a handbook for incorporation of the cycling infrastructure into land use documentation [12]
  • Construction measures aiming at increase of safety for vulnerable road users and preventing the frequent accidents of cyclists [12]

Indicators:

  • Fraction of rail transport in freight transport (%) [3]
  • Total number of passenger vehicles per 100 inhabitants [3]
  • Energy consumption in transportation (toe/mil.USD GDP, (toe/inhabitant) [3]
  • Total capacity of transport and shipping (road passenger, road freight, coach, railway passenger, railway freight, air) by means of transportation (vehicle-km, passenger-km, tonne-km) [2]
  • Ratio of the carrying capacity of public transport (road + railway) to car transport (%) [2]
  • Ratio of the carrying capacity of road freight transport to railway freight transport (%) [2]
  • Decrease /growth of transport demands of economy (index in % of indicator tkm/1000 CZK GDP) [11]
  • Number of public logistic centres [11]
  • Length (km) of roads subject to toll [11]
  • Sulphur dioxide emissions generated by transport [11]
  • Nitrogen oxides emissions generated by transport [11]
  • Share of motor vehicles equipped with catalyser (%) [11]
  • Share of population living in a territory included into the integrated transport system [11]
  • Share of municipalities included into the integrated transport system [11]
  • Share of the public mass transport and individual automobile transport in regional capitals (%) [11]
  • Share of the rail transport and bus transport in public mass transport [11]
  • Share of investments into transport infrastructure for environment protection [11]
  • Length of separated bicycle routes [11]
  • Emissions of greenhouse gases generated by transport split into fossil resources and biomass [11]

Quantitative targets:

  • Restrict transport demands of economy to 90% (2005-2010), respectively 85% (2013/2005) (tkm/1000 CZK GDP) [11]
  • Connection of at least 33% of non-public logistic capacities to the rail transport until 2013 [11]
  • Connection of at least 5% of non-public logistic capacities to the inland waterway transport until 2013 [11]
  • Approx. 1,000 km of motorways, highways, and class I roads will be subject to toll until 2007; approx. 2,500 km until 2013 [11]
  • 50% growth until 2010 and 100% growth until 2013 compared to 2005 in terms of the length of separated bicycle routes [11]
  • Emissions of greenhouse gases generated by transport split into fossil resources and biomass - stagnation until 2010, 5% decrease until 2013 [11]
  • Share of motor vehicles equipped with catalyzer (%) - 99% of motor vehicles equipped with catalyser until 2013
  • Share of population living in a territory included into the integrated transport system - 70% until 2010, 90% until 2013 [11]
  • Share of municipalities included into the integrated transport system - at least 30% until 2010, at least 50% until 2013 [11]
  • Share of the public mass transport and individual automobile transport in regional capitals - maintaining 2005 status for the entire period [11]

 

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Appliances

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Relevant strategies

none

Strategic objectives:

none

Priority policy instruments:

none

Indicators:

none

Quantitative targets:

none

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SCP social aspects

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Relevant strategies

State Energy Policy of the Czech Republic (2006) [5]
Action plan on EE&A for 2007-2009 [15]

Strategic objectives:

  • Implement gradually the environment-friendly operation of state administration including schools, health institutions, etc. [15]
  • Strengthen environmental aspects in re-qualification programmes (reduction of energy consumption, introduction of best available techniques, etc.) [15]

 

Priority policy instruments:

Programmes solving the social consequences of employment reduction in the coal and electricity sub-sectors [5]

 

Indicators:

none

Quantitative targets:

none

 

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3. Institutional setup to support the implementation of SCP

National institutions with responsibility explicitly "in the name of SCP"

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Name of institution:

Working Group for Sustainable Consumption and Production (WGSCP) under the Government Council for Sustainable Development (GCSD) (Czech Republic) [17]

Year of inception and duration of operation:

2003 – present

Description
(objectives, roles and responsibilities, means and relevance):

  • The development and improvement of the Czech Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP Framework);
  • Monitoring of the implementation of the Czech SCP Framework;
  • Advisory role in the development of follow-up action programmes to the Czech SCP Framework

 

Other relevant information:

Webpage:

http://www.mzp.cz/en/sustainable_development_at_the_national_level

http://www.mzp.cz/en/sustainable_consumption_and_production

 

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Other major and innovative national institutions with SCP-related responsibility

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Name of institution:

National Cleaner Production Centre (Cleaner Production Unit) at the Czech Environmental Information Agency (CENIA) [18]

Year of inception and duration of operation:

1994 – present

Description
(objectives, roles and responsibilities, means and relevance):

    • The objective of the National Cleaner Production Programme is to change the approach of companies, local governments, state administrations and the public towards measures aimed at environmental protection. The main activities of the Czech National Cleaner Production Center are as follows:
    • It fulfils the function of the Agency of the National Cleaner Production Programme and the National Centre of Cleaner Production within the Programme of National Centres of Cleaner Productions operated by members of UNEP/UNIDO;
    • Collects and processes information on Cleaner Production;
    • Creates information databases (case studies, Cleaner Production consultants, projects);
    • Cooperates with relevant national and international organizations;
    • Promotes the concept of Cleaner Production in practice.

Other relevant information:

Page

http://www.cenia.cz/web/www/web-pub-en.nsf/$pid/MZPMSFIV64TG




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Name of institution:

EMAS Agency at the Czech Environmental Information Agency (CENIA)

Year of inception and duration of operation:

1998 – present

Description
(objectives, roles and responsibilities, means and relevance):

The EMAS Agency is an official national registration body under the European Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS). It is also responsible for management of the Czech national EMAS Register and provision of information about environmental management systems

Other relevant information:

Web page www.cenia.cz/__C12572570032F2DB.nsf/$pid/MZPMSFIV5BRD


Name of institution:

Czech Ecolabelling Agency at CENIA

Year of inception and duration of operation:

1994 – present

Description
(objectives, roles and responsibilities, means and relevance):

The Eco-Labelling Agency is, together with the Ministry of Environment, the official competent body for eco-labelling programmes, both the national and the European. It is responsible for an evaluation of applications and registration of products. The Agency manages relevant databases, provides information on eco-labelling and is partly responsible for promotional activities.

Since 1994, more than 400 products have been labelled in 62 categories (including goods and services). In 2007, the programme was transformed into the National Programme for Environmental Labelling covering all types of environmental labelling, including self-declared environmental claims and environmental product declarations (EPD). The European Eco-Label “The Flower” is also used in the Czech Republic.

Other relevant information:

Web page www.ekoznacka.cz/web/www/web-pub-en.nsf/$pid/MZPMSFIV1G8G



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4. SCP international cooperation

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Participation in the Marrakech Process (MP)

Management of Task Force (TF):

No

Priority areas of action / concrete initiatives in the TF:

No information available.

Country participation in the meetings of the MP:

Marrakech(2003)

Costa Rica (2005)

Stockholm (2007)

[X]

[X]

[X]

Other ways of supporting the work of MP:

Organisation of European Regional Meeting on Sustainable Consumption and Production, 30 - 31 October 2008, Prague, see below.

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Participation in the work of the International Panel for Sustainable Resource Management

Membership in the steering committee:

No

Membership in the panel:

No

Other ways of supporting the work of the Panel:

N/A


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Organisation of other major international cooperation initiatives and events, explicitly in the name of SCP.

Title of initiative / event, year

European Regional Meeting on Sustainable Consumption and Production, 30 - 31 October 2008, Prague [21]

Brief description (objectives, means etc.):

The aim of the meeting was to contribute to implementing the Johannesburg commitments on SCP, to formulate European regional contributions to the 10YFP, to discuss the EU SCP Action Plan and to share information and best practices. The meeting brought together experts from government agencies and international organizations, group of experts from industry, NGOs, academia, local authorities and other major groups dealing with sustainable consumption and production.

Other relevant information:

http://www.mzp.cz/en/european_regional_meeting


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5. Overall stakeholder events, campaigns and dialogue processes

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Overall stakeholder events, campaigns and dialogue processes "in the name of SCP"

Title of initiative / event, year

Annual Sustainable Development Weeks - focus on Sustainable Consumption and Production (2006) [22]

Brief description (objectives, means etc.):

    The concept of the sustainable development weeks initiative is that players from all sectors (government, including regional authorities, business, NGOs, media etc.) present good examples of the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development. In 2006 the annual event focused on the subject of “sustainable consumption and production”.

     

Other relevant information:

Agenda of the annual Sustainable Development Week event in 2006: http://old.mzp.cz/AIS/web.nsf/pages/Sustainable%20development%20week%202006

 

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6. Reference

Reference

Strategies, action plans etc.
(title of political document, year of adoption, language, web link))

[1]

Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production in the Czech Republic (2005), Czech and English
http://www.mzp.cz/en/frame_work_scp

[2]

The Strategic Framework for Sustainable Development in the Czech Republic (2010)
http://www.mzp.cz/en/czech_republic_strategy_sd

[3]

State Environment Policy of the Czech Republic 2004-2010 (2004), Czech and English
http://www.mzp.cz/en/state_environmental_policy

[4]

National Lisbon Programme 2008-2010
http://www.mfcr.cz/cps/rde/xchg/mfcr/xsl/cardiff_report_52823.html

[5]

State Energy Policy of the Czech Republic (2006), Czech and English
http://www.mpo.cz/dokument12265.html

[6]

National programme for the energy management and the use of renewable sources of energy for 2006 – 2009 (2006), only in Czech
http://www.mpo.cz/dokument12937.html

[7]

National development plan of the Czech Republic 2007-2013
(only in Czech, Návrh Národního rozvojového plánu České republiky 2007-2013)

[8]

Waste Management Plan of the Czech Republic for 2003-2013 (2003), Czech and English
http://www.mzp.cz/en/waste

[9]

The Raw Material Policy of the Czech Republic in the Field of Mineral Materials and Their Resources (1999), Czech and English
http://www.mpo.cz/dokument12444.html

[10]

Action Plan on Eco-agriculture and Organic Food (2007), only in Czech
http://www.mze.cz/

[11]

Transport Policy of the Czech Republic 2005-2013 (2005), Czech and English
http://www.mdcr.cz/en/Strategy/Transportation+Policy+for+2005+%E2%80%93+2013/default.htm

[12]

National Strategy for the Development of Cycling (2004), Czech and English
http://www.cyklostrategie.cz/eng/

[13]

Concept of Agricultural Policy in the Czech Republic after the EU accession for 2004-2013 (only in Czech, Koncepce agrární politiky ČR pro období po vstupu do EU pro období 2004-2013)

[14]

Housing policy, 2005 (only in Czech, Koncepce bytové politiky z r. 2005)

[15]

Action plan on EE&A for 2007-2009 (for the National program of environmental education and awareness in the Czech Republic - EE&A) (only in Czech, Státní program environmentálního vzdělávání, výchovy a osvěty v České republice – EVVO)

[16]

National programme for ecolabelling

[17]

Website of the Working Group for Sustainable Consumption and Production (WGSCP) <http://www.env.cz/AIS/web-pub-en.nsf/$pid/MZPJHFJRH60Z>, visited 19 December 2008

[18]

Website of the Czech National Cleaner Production Center <http://www.cenia.cz/web/www/web-pub-en.nsf/$pid/MZPMSFIV64TG>, visited 19 December 2008

[19]

Website of the Marrakech Process <http://esa.un.org/marrakechprocess/international.shtml>, visited 19 December 2008

[20]

Website of the International Panel for Sustainable Resource Management <www.unep.fr/scp/rpanel/members.htm> visited 19 December 2008

[21]

Website of the European Regional Meeting on Sustainable Consumption and Production, 30 - 31 October 2008, Prague <http://www.mzp.cz/en/european_regional_meeting>, visited 19 December 2008

[22]

Website of the annual Sustainable Development Week event 29 May – 2 June, 2006, Prague <http://old.mzp.cz/AIS/web.nsf/pages/Sustainable%20development%20week%202006>, visited 19 December 2008

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