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Waste prevention programmes

The revised EU Waste Framework Directive (2008/98/EC) requires that by 12 December 2013 Member States establish national waste prevention programmes. According to Article 30 (2) of the WFD, the European Environmental Agency (EEA) is invited to include in its annual report a review of progress in the completion and implementation of waste prevention programmes.

The purpose of this webpage is to exchange information on waste prevention programmes. English abstracts of national and regional waste prevention programmes are presented. The webpage includes existing waste prevention programmes which are already developed in accordance with Article 29 in the Waste Framework Directive. New and updated abstracts will be added as soon as the waste prevention programmes are published in the countries/regions.

Waste prevention is defined in Article 3 (12) (2008/98/EC) as: "prevention" means measures taken before a substance, material or product has become waste, that reduce:

  1. the quantity of waste, including through the re-use of products or the extension of the life span of products;
  2. the adverse impacts of the generated waste on the environment and human health; or
  3. the content of harmful substances in materials and products;

According to Article 29 (2008/98/EC) the waste prevention programmes have to be evaluated at least every sixth year. They shall be integrated either into the waste management plans or into other environmental policy programmes, as appropriate, or shall function as separate programmes. The programmes shall set out the waste prevention objectives. Member States shall describe the existing prevention measures and evaluate the usefulness of the examples of measures indicated in Annex IV to the revised Waste Framework Directive or other appropriate measures. The aim of such objectives and measures shall be to break the link between economic growth and the environmental impacts associated with the generation of waste.

Quick entry to core topics

In the explanatory note below, the various core topics are presented, including a presentation of the questions posed.

Full country abstracts on waste prevention programmes

Relevant information

Explanatory note of core topics

The abstract is an abstract of the waste prevention programme. Therefore the abstract has been written using the document of the national waste prevention programme ONLY. Other relevant sources are placed under “other comments” i.e. ongoing activities.

Type of programme

Waste prevention programmes shall be integrated either into the waste management plans or into other environmental policy programmes, as appropriate, or shall function as separate programmes according to Article 29 (1) (2008/98/EC).

Waste prevention objectives

List of waste prevention objectives. The programmes have to set out the waste prevention objectives according to Article 29 (2).

The term objectives are perceived as overall goals for the waste prevention programmes


Sectors covered

Describe the sectors covered. The sectors are:

Waste types covered

Describe the waste types specific mentioned in the programme

Quantitative targets

List of quantitative targets. The programmes may determine quantitative targets according to Article 29 (3).

The term targets are perceived as a detailed performance requirement, that arises from the waste prevention objectives and that needs to be set and met in order to achieve those objectives.

Measures on quantitative prevention

Describe planned measures on quantitative prevention

Measures on qualitative prevention

Describe planned measures on qualitative prevention.

Qualitative prevention is defined as: Reducing the hazardous content of waste, rather than impacting the total volume of waste, is considered as qualitative waste prevention and contributes to reducing human and environmental exposure to hazardous materials ( EU Commission 2012: Preparing a Waste Prevention Programme - Guidance document).

Prevention measure covered according to 98/2008 Annex IV (1-16)

The planned measures in the waste prevention programmes are categorized according to the examples of measures indicated in Annex IV of the Waste Framework Directive (2008/98/EC).

Indicators proposed and monitoring

Indicators proposed in the waste prevention programmes are described. According to the Article 29(3), Member States shall determine appropriate specific qualitative or quantitative benchmarks for waste prevention measures adopted, in order to monitor and assess their progress.

Evaluation and monitoring of programme

Description of evaluation of the programme in addition to the requirement for evaluation every 6 years (WDF article 30).

Involvement of stake holders

Description of involvement of stakeholders in addition to a public consultation, which is obligatory.

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